Ciprofloxacin (generic for Cipro) is a fluoroquinolone antibiotic. It can be used to treat infections in the abdomen. Consider ciprofloxacin for diarrhea with blood or mucous. Ciprofloxacin can be taken with ondansetron, if nausea and/or vomiting accompany abdominal pain or diarrhea. Do not take ciprofloxacin with dairy products such as milk or yogurt, or with calcium-fortified juice. Ciprofloxacin is also used to treat other infections, for example, skin infections, sinus infections, urinary tract infections, and infections with some bioterrorism agents including anthrax.
While ciprofloxacin treats a wide variety of infections, it has a high number of side effects, and carries a black box warning from the FDA highlighting these dangerous effects. Ciprofloxacin should therefore be used only be used when no other equally effective antibiotic is available. In particular, ciprofloxacin is known for causing TENDON RUPTURE, leaving people unable to walk, PERIPHERAL NEUROPATHY, a type of irreversible nerve damage, and BRAIN EFFECTS (including hallucinations, anxiety, depression, headaches, and more). These reactions can occur in healthy people.
Ciprofloxacin, like other fluoroquinolone category antibiotics, has dangerous side effects. It can cause tears in tendons and in blood vessels, including the aorta, which could be fatal. Ciprofloxacin is dangerous in people who are predisposed to problems with tendons and the aorta, such as people with connective tissue disease. It is also known to cause peripheral neuropathy, central nervous system effects, severe rashes (including Stevens-Johnson syndrome), lung problems (pneumonitis), liver failure, anemia, allergic reaction, heart arrhythmias (via prolongation of the QT interval), muscle and joint problems, diarrhea (including C. difficile diarrhea), and more.
|Abdominal infection||ciprofloxacin 500 mg by mouth twice a day for 7 days PLUS metronidazole 500 mg by mouth three times a day for 7 days|
|Diarrhea (moderate traveler's)||ciprofloxacin 500 mg by mouth twice a day for up to 3 days|
|Anthrax exposure||ciprofloxacin 500 mg by mouth twice a day for 7 days|
Adult doses are shown, unless otherwise specified. Refer to weight-based dosing guidelines for pediatric patients.
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