Fluconazole is an antifungal. It can be used to treat fungal infections like a vaginal yeast infection or fungal skin infection. Consider using fluconazole to treat copious white vaginal discharge or a blotchy red rash in the groin or skin folds, both of which may indicate a fungal infection.
EPINEPHrine (adrenaline) injection is used to treat life-threatening allergic reaction, known as anaphylaxis. Anaphylaxis is defined as a severe allergic reaction with one or more of lip, tongue, or face swelling, shortness of breath, vomiting, low blood pressure, and rash. If anaphylaxis is suspected, give epinephrine right away and seek further medical attention.
Emtricitabine/tenofovir (Truvada) is used for HIV post-exposure prophylaxis. The decision to start post-exposure prophylaxis after a possible exposure to HIV is complex, and the standard of care is to initiate post-exposure prophylaxis medication only after laboratory testing. Seeking immediate medical attention is the best option. However, in an emergency or disaster situation in which medical care is unavailable, take this medication, along with raltegravir, as soon as possible (and within 72 hours) to prevent infection if you believe you have suffered a major exposure to HIV. Immediately seek qualified medical care.
Raltegravir (Isentress) is used for HIV post-exposure prophylaxis. The decision to start post-exposure prophylaxis after a possible exposure to HIV is complex, and the standard of care is to initiate post-exposure prophylaxis medication only after laboratory testing. Seeking immediate medical attention is the best option. However, in an emergency or disaster situation in which medical care is unavailable, take this medication, along with emtricitabine/tenofovir, as soon as possible (and within 72 hours) to prevent infection if you believe you have suffered a major exposure to HIV. Immediately seek qualified medical care.
Atovaquone-proguanil (Malarone) is used for malaria prophylaxis in areas with chloroquine-resistant Plasmodium falciparum, and can be used in most parts of the world where malaria occurs. Take it daily for 1-2 days before possible exposure to malaria, and continue daily for 7 days after leaving an exposed area. If you plan to travel to malaria-endemic areas, discuss with your Duration Health provider to determine which prophylaxis is appropriate for you.
Aspirin is a pain reliever, and is used to prevent heart attack, stroke, and blood clots. Aspirin can be used for pain relief, and for treatment of a possible heart attack (myocardial infarction). If you suspect someone is having a heart attack, give aspirin immediately to help keep the heart's arteries open. If a heart attack is happening, it could save their life, and if not, it's unlikely to hurt. Seek help immediately.
Hydrocortisone cream is a steroid that treats skin irritation. It can be used for most non-infectious minor skin irritations, such as minor allergic reactions. Common uses include eczema, insect bites, poison ivy, poison oak, poison sumac, irritation due to soaps, detergents, cosmetics, or jewelry.
Ondansetron (Zofran) is an anti-nausea medication, and prevents nausea and vomiting. It's in a class of medications called 5-HT3 antagonists that work by tricking the nausea centers in the brain. Ondansetron can be used to treat the symptoms of nausea and vomiting from non-serious causes, such as food poisoning, as well as more serious causes.
Oral rehydration solution is a mixture of water, sugar, and salt that hydrates faster than water alone. Oral rehydration solutions are used in the developing world to treat severe dehydration, and have been shown in some cases to be just as effective as intravenous fluids in restoring hydration.
Prednisone is a steroid used to treat inflammation. It is a versatile and common medication used in a wide variety of diseases. One common use of prednisone is to treat the inflammation in the airways that happens with an asthma attack. Prednisone can also be used to treat severe allergic reactions. Prednisone can be used to treat a breathing problem in someone with a history of asthma or COPD, or to treat a severe allergic reaction. Prednisone is often used in conjunction with albuterol which takes minutes to start treating the symptoms of asthma, while prednisone takes hours to work.
The information provided on this site is intended for your general knowledge only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice or treatment for specific medical conditions. You should not use this information to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease without consulting with a qualified healthcare provider. Please consult your healthcare provider with any questions or concerns you may have regarding your condition.
If you think you may have a medical emergency, call your doctor, go to the emergency department, or call 911 immediately.