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Azithromycin is an antibiotic. Azithromycin can be used for for respiratory infections, such as pneumonia, or sexually transmitted infections

Infection

Medication

Metronidazole (generic for Flagyl) is an antiprotozoal and antibiotic, which means it fights bacteria as well as other organisms that cause disease. Metronidazole can be used to treat infections in the abdomen.

Infection

Medication

Amoxicillin-clavulanate (generic for Augmentin) is an antibiotic. It can be used to treat bite wounds, skin infections, strep throat and pneumonia. This medication should be taken with food.

Infection

Medication

Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX, generic for Bactrim) is an antibiotic. It can be used to treat urinary tract infections and skin infections.

Infection

Medication

Nitrofurantoin (generic for Macrobid) is an antibiotic used specifically to treat urinary tract infections.

Infection

Medication

Ofloxacin is an antibiotic. Ofloxacin drops can be used to treat eye or ear infections.

Infection

Medication

N95 masks are used to prevent transmission of airborne illnesses. N95 masks are the tool of choice to prevent the spread of influenza.

Infection

Disposable

Mupirocin (generic for Bactroban) is an antibiotic ointment. Mupirocin can be used to treat a localized skin infection, including infections caused by methicillin-resistant S. aureus bacteria (MRSA).

Infection

Medication

Oseltamivir (generic for Tamiflu) treats influenza.

Infection

Medication

Fluconazole is an antifungal. It can be used to treat fungal infections like a vaginal yeast infection or fungal skin infection. Consider using fluconazole to treat copious white vaginal discharge or a blotchy red rash in the groin or skin folds, both of which may indicate a fungal infection.

Infection

Medication

Atropine/pralidoxime is an anticholinergic agent used to treat nerve gas poisoning. Use in the event of an exposure to a chemical attack with nerve gas such as sarin.

Bioterrorism

Medication

Ciprofloxacin (generic for Cipro) is an antibiotic. It can be used to treat infections in the abdomen. Consider ciprofloxacin for diarrhea with blood or mucous. It is also used in cases of anthrax exposure. Ciprofloxacin can be taken with ondansetron. Do not take ciprofloxacin with dairy products such as milk or yogurt, or with calcium-fortified juice.

Infection

Medication

Doxycycline is an antibiotic. Doxycycline can be used to treat Lyme disease, Yersinia (bubonic plague), Tularemia, and other infections. This medication should be taken with food.

Infection

Medication

Emtricitabine is used in combination with other medications for HIV post-exposure prophylaxis. The decision to start post-exposure prophylaxis after a possible exposure to HIV is complex, and the standard of care is to initiate post-exposure prophylaxis medication only after laboratory testing. Seeking immediate medical attention is the best option. However, in an emergency or disaster situation in which medical care is unavailable, take this medication, along with tenofovir and raltegravir, as soon as possible (and within 72 hours) to prevent infection if you believe you have suffered a major exposure to HIV. Immediately seek qualified medical care.

Infection

Medication

Tenofovir is used for HIV post-exposure prophylaxis. The decision to start post-exposure prophylaxis after a possible exposure to HIV is complex, and the standard of care is to initiate post-exposure prophylaxis medication only after laboratory testing. Seeking immediate medical attention is the best option. However, in an emergency or disaster situation in which medical care is unavailable, take this medication, along with emtricitabine and raltegravir, as soon as possible (and within 72 hours) to prevent infection if you believe you have suffered a major exposure to HIV. Immediately seek qualified medical care.

Infection

Medication

EPINEPHrine (adrenaline, generic for EpiPen) injection is used to treat life-threatening allergic reaction, known as anaphylaxis. Anaphylaxis is defined as a severe allergic reaction with one or more of lip, tongue, or face swelling, shortness of breath, vomiting, low blood pressure, and rash. If anaphylaxis is suspected, give epinephrine right away and seek further medical attention.

Special

Medication

Naloxone (generic for Narcan) is used to treat opioid drug overdose. Use naloxone if someone has overdosed on opioids and has stopped breathing or is not breathing normally.

Special

Medication

Raltegravir (generic for Isentress) is used for HIV post-exposure prophylaxis. The decision to start post-exposure prophylaxis after a possible exposure to HIV is complex, and the standard of care is to initiate post-exposure prophylaxis medication only after laboratory testing. Seeking immediate medical attention is the best option. However, in an emergency or disaster situation in which medical care is unavailable, take this medication, along with emtricitabine/tenofovir, as soon as possible (and within 72 hours) to prevent infection if you believe you have suffered a major exposure to HIV. Immediately seek qualified medical care.

Special

Medication

Defibrillator is used to treat cardiac arrest caused by two specific abnormal heart rhythms: ventricular fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia.

Special

Equipment

Activated charcoal is used to treat poisoning. It binds to certain poisons to prevent them from being absorbed by the body.

Special

Medication

Israeli bandage is a specialized rapid tourniquet used to control massive hemorrhage.

Trauma

Disposable

Cyanoacrylate (generic for Dermabond) is skin glue used to repair small lacerations.

Trauma

Medication

Dental filling can be used in an emergency to temporarily treat a lost tooth.

Trauma

Disposable

Dental anesthetic can be used in an emergency to treat dental pain.

Trauma

Disposable

Hemostatic gauze (QuickClot) is used to control bleeding.

Trauma

Disposable

Lidocaine/prilocaine (EMLA) gel is used to numb skin for laceration repair.

Trauma

Medication

Tetracaine is a numbing medicine used to numb the eye. Tetracaine can be used to numb the eye for short-term symptomatic relief after an injury, or to numb the eye to allow for irrigation (washing out) or removal of a foreign body.

Trauma

Medication

Tranexamic acid (TXA) is used topically to stop bleeding.

Trauma

Medication

Dimenhydrinate (generic for Dramamine) is used to treat and prevent motion sickness.

Travel

Medication

Atovaquone-proguanil (generic for Malarone) is used for malaria prophylaxis in areas with chloroquine-resistant Plasmodium falciparum, and can be used in most parts of the world where malaria occurs. Take it daily for 1-2 days before possible exposure to malaria, and continue daily for 7 days after leaving an exposed area. If you plan to travel to malaria-endemic areas, discuss with your Duration Health provider to determine which prophylaxis is appropriate for you.

Travel

Medication

Dexamethasone (generic for Decadron) is a steroid used to prevent and treat acute mountain sickness. This medication should be taken with food.

Wilderness

Medication

Ivermectin is used to treat parasite infections like head lice and scabies. This medication should be taken on an empty stomach.

Wilderness

Medication

Praziquantel is used to treat flatworm infections like schistosomiasis. This medication should be taken with food.

Wilderness

Medication

Acetazolamide a diuretic is used to prevent and treat acute mountain sickness.

Wilderness

Medication

Albendazole is used to treat tapeworm infections. This medication should be taken with food.

Wilderness

Medication

Aspirin is a pain reliever, and is used to prevent heart attack, stroke, and blood clots. Aspirin can be used for pain relief, and for treatment of a possible heart attack (myocardial infarction). If you suspect someone is having a heart attack, give aspirin immediately to help keep the heart's arteries open. If a heart attack is happening, it could save their life, and if not, it's unlikely to hurt. Seek help immediately. This medication should be taken with food.

General

Medication

Diphenhydramine (generic for Benadryl) treats allergic reactions. It may be used for both mild and severe allergic reactions.

General

Medication

Famotidine (generic for Pepcid) is used to treat gastritis (pain or burning in the stomach area) and sometimes used with other medications to treat allergic reactions.

General

Medication

Hydrocortisone cream is a steroid that treats skin irritation. It can be used for most non-infectious minor skin irritations, such as minor allergic reactions. Common uses include eczema, insect bites, poison ivy, poison oak, poison sumac, irritation due to soaps, detergents, cosmetics, or jewelry.

General

Medication

Ibuprofen (generic for Motrin, generic for Advil) is a pain reliever and the most commonly used non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). Ibuprofen is used to treat pain.

General

Medication

Levonorgestrel (generic for Plan B) is an emergency contraceptive. Take one tablet as soon as possible within 72 hours of unprotected sex to prevent pregnancy if primary birth control methods fail. Available for prescription to FEMALES ONLY.

General

Medication

Loperamide (generic for Imodium) is an anti-diarrheal medication. It treats diarrhea by slowing movement through the gut. Loperamide can be used for the treatment of acute diarrhea, particularly from an infection.

General

Medication

Ondansetron (generic for Zofran) is an anti-nausea medication, and prevents nausea and vomiting. It's in a class of medications called 5-HT3 antagonists that work by tricking the nausea centers in the brain. Ondansetron can be used to treat the symptoms of nausea and vomiting from non-serious causes, such as food poisoning, as well as more serious causes.

General

Medication

Oral rehydration solution is a mixture of water, sugar, and salt that hydrates faster than water alone. Oral rehydration solutions are used in the developing world to treat severe dehydration, and have been shown in some cases to be just as effective as intravenous fluids in restoring hydration.

General

Disposable

Prednisone is a steroid used to treat inflammation. It is a versatile and common medication used in a wide variety of diseases. One common use of prednisone is to treat the inflammation in the airways that happens with an asthma attack. Prednisone can also be used to treat severe allergic reactions. Prednisone can be used to treat a breathing problem in someone with a history of asthma or COPD, or to treat a severe allergic reaction. Prednisone is often used in conjunction with albuterol which takes minutes to start treating the symptoms of asthma, while prednisone takes hours to work. This medication should be taken with food.

General

Medication

Pregnancy test is to check pregnancy status.

General

Disposable

Pulse oximeter is used to measure the level of oxygen in the blood and the heart rate. This inexpensive and ingenious tool can detect low oxygen in the blood and identify heart rates that are too fast or too slow. Put the pulse oximeter on your finger to check your heart rate and oxygen level. A heart rate above 100 in an adult at rest is generally abnormal. An oxygen level below 95% is generally abnormal. Seek emergency medical attention if you are experiencing an abnormal heart rate or oxygen level, particularly if you are also having fever, cough, shortness of breath, chest pain, or other symptoms.

General

Equipment

Urine test strips are an amazing and inexpensive diagnostic tool. They can be used to detect urinary tract infections, dehydration, diabetes, and blood in the urine. A urine test showing positive leukocytes or nitrites may indicate a urinary tract infection. A high specific gravity or ketones in the urine may indicate dehyration. Glucose in the urine is a sign of uncontrolled diabetes.

General

Disposable

Thermometer is used to check for fever. Fever is generally defined as a temperature greater than 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit or 38 degrees Celsius.

General

Equipment

Acetaminophen (generic for Tylenol) is a pain reliever and fever reducer. Acetaminophen is used to treat pain.

General

Medication

The information provided on this site is intended for your general knowledge only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice or treatment for specific medical conditions. You should not use this information to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease without consulting with a qualified healthcare provider. Please consult your healthcare provider with any questions or concerns you may have regarding your condition.

If you think you may have a medical emergency, call your doctor, go to the emergency department, or call 911 immediately.